Insulation Monitor, System Voltage up to 500VAC, Output Relay, DC Detection, and Optional Analog Output
Direct connection up to 500V line voltage, up to 6,6kV with HV adapter
Monitoring during both live and standby conditions
Protection against harmful DC voltage exposure
“Megger” – safe to 1.4kVDC when aux power is OFF
Immune to earth capacitance and voltage surges
For use in land, marine, offshore, sub-sea and ocean floor Installations
Analogue output proportional to meter reading (F-version)
The digitally controlled KPM16xM series monitors insulation level between a non-grounded (IT) AC mains and its protective earth, regardless of whether the mains is live or non-live (standby) in marine and offshore installations.
IDV MEASURING PRINCIPLE
Insulation is measured between the complete galvanically interconnected AC network and its protective earth. The unit injects a sequentially coded measuring signal to the monitored system. The signal flows to ground via the path of the insulation fault, the level of flow indicates the insulation resistance. The measuring accuracy is not influenced by any normal kind of load attached to the AC network.
An AC or DC auxiliary voltage is required for the unit, if powered from a separate source the network can also be monitored during standby conditions. Only ONE KPM16xM can be connected to each IT-system. The ohmmeter and the triple-zone status LEDs give at a glance the clear safety message:
HIGH ENERGY DC VOLTAGE IN YOUR AC MAINS, AN UNKNOWN AND NEGLECTED PROBLEM
Experience has confirmed that full cycle half-wave and partial cycle full-wave rectifier/regulator loads, or a semiconductor failure in heavy power rectifiers/inverters may impose high energy DC voltage on the AC supply line voltages. Intermittent or ENDURING imposed DC voltage is reported to be up to several hundred volts with positive or negative polarity relative to protective earth. This DC voltage will distort insulation measurements, and may cause breakdown of protective guards. The uncontrolled DC energy can cause functional problems by saturating magnetic cores and influence performance of current and voltage transformers, reactors, motors, regenerative drives, generators and regulators. It is also a fact that this serious malfunction normally remains undetected and unknown to the crew. The M-variant therefore includes a unique DC voltage detection function with an alarm output. When a “foreign” positive DC voltage exceeding 17V or a negative DC voltage exceeding 3V are detected on the monitored AC supply the DC detection function will within 20 seconds disable the insulation measuring function to avoid false readings, isolate the unit input, activate LED “DC EXPOSURE” and trip relay 3. In this mode unit will sustain continuous high-energy exposure up to +/- 800VDC. The “pathfinder” function identifies polarity of imposed DC. At 10 minutes intervals the unit senses if DC is still present and will reset automatically and restore normal operation when DC exposure ends. To detect presence of harmful DC voltage connect a voltmeter between any AC supply line voltage and protective earth, and set the meter function switch to AC and DC alternately.
The standard Insulation Guards KPM161x and KPM163x are protected against sporadic AC and DC voltage surges imposed on the monitored AC network. Exposure to enduring high energy DC voltage (reported to be up to several hundred volts with positive or negative polarity) will instantaneously cause the meter to read false insulation value and may destroy the unit.